Saturday, April 10, 2010

geographical map of tazagram

http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=104832264053610154081.000483439ca05ed3d5569

Tuesday, March 9, 2010

BRIEF INTRODUCTION OF TAZAGRAM (MARDAN)

     Tazagram is located in the very north of district Mardan,and is about 40 kilo meters from the district head-quarter i.e, Mardan city.It is under the tehsil administration of Takht Bhai.The concerned police station is Lundkhwar.The nearest town bazars are Katlang at the distance of 18 and Lundkhwr at the distance of 11 kilometers.It's geographical co-ordinants are 34 degrees,27feet,17 inches north and 72 degrees,3 feet,7 inches east.(according to google earth map of tazagram).
     As written by dr.Qabil khan khattak in his book "SAMA AOR SWAT",that in earlier ages the sub-casts of Yousufzai tribe (namely shamozai and babozai) were occupant.Ten generations ago Tazakhan khattak and his sons migrated from the khattak area and fought against the locals.After winning they encamped in the north of the present village near the hill,that was called ,"BAR KILI" meaning the upper village.Then after a while they came down and built a new village in the name of ,"KOZ KILI",they left the bar kili from the fear of Utmankhel, (residents of baizo kharki),the neighboring village.Then after some-time the present vcillage was established because this very near to water (the stream) and to Qasmi (the village in the east of it).
     The progeny of Taza khan start calling this village Tazagram.Tazakhan was having three sons,naming 1.Shaho khan 2.Esakhan 3.Zankakhan.Therefore,their descendants are known as sahokhel,esakhel and zankakhel.Up to this point it is written by dr.Qabil khan.
    Now, here is the work i did to find the real place of these people,by asking the elders of the Tazagram like Derwaish khan who is the father of Sher alam khan and Sher nawaz khan and Salim shah who has no children and who served in the royal army alongwith the other khattaks.They both told me that all people of the surrounding villages are khattak migrating from the area of khwara (nizam pur) in district nowshera on the west bank of river indus.
     I myself served for 8 years in Nizampur area and found that most of the elder are well aware of the fact that not only the people of Tazagram and nearby villages are khattak and migrated from khwara.But the villagers of Jamal garhi,Gadar,Sawaldher etc are also the khwara khattak.It is told that the khattaks of the eastern Baizai were the companions of the great khattak leadre,thinker and poet Kushal khan khattah when he attacked the the yousufzai who were residing in this area of Mardan district.After the defeat the yousufzai were pushed up to the Swat region,via DARRA MOORA,and khattak occupied this area.Tazakhan was alloted this village.Now,most of the villages in this area are of khattaks,except the few like Babozai,Shamozai, Miankhan,Sangao,Pipal,and Kohi barmol, where the pure yousufzai (utmankhel) still residing.Therefor,they are,no doubt are the indigenous people of this area.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
     Although,most of the population is now well educated, especially the males but still are not aware of his genealogical tree,that they are belonging to the khattak tribe.They cosider themselves yousafzai.

Friday, February 26, 2010

INFRASTRUCTURE OF TAZAGRAM

Although,people of Tazagram are not rich enough to label them as the middle- class.Some are belong to lower-middle class and most of them are from lower class.Good %age of the mass is living below the poverty line.
Majority of them are depending on agriculture,a few are government servants and the rest are work on daily wages.A lot of them are in Karachi from the last 3 or 4 decades.
As mentioned most of the people are poor,so the standard of life is not good but it may be satisfactory.The majority of the population is living in their own mud made(non-metaled) houses containing single room.The joint family system is still intact.
The "hujra" system is also in practice from the very beginning.Every cast has it's own hujra,where they entertain their social ceremonies like wedding,funeral etc.And this system keep the brotherhood united.
The houses of Tazagram are built on a height of mount,so the sewerage system is not bad.In the old times,the sewerage drain was not properly managed but courtesy of the young generation,they united and formed a welfare organisation in the name of,"AL-KHAIR".In support of an NGO they metaled the sewers and all the streets as well.So now, Tazagram is one of the developed villages regrading infrastructure.The neighbouring villages follow the same and developed it's own infrastructure.
Tazagram and the surrounding villages are selsufficient in drinking water facility.The water table is very up,so most of the houses has their own well.Instead of it the public health engineering department provided a drinking water scheme .
The electricity is provided in 1960.The primary school for girls is working since early 60s and primary school for boys was established in 1973.After completing primary education  the students go to the high schools in Qasmi for further education both girls and boys.For higher education,they go to degree colleges in Lundkhwar or Mardan etc.

Tazagram has no health facility provided by the government and the mass is depending on civil dispensary in Qasmi. ,and the informal practitioners.No doctor is in practice and this is the real need of the peoples to get good medical aid at their door step,which is the basic need of every human being.Therefore,the sick mass has no choice but to go to civil hospitals in Lundkhwar and Katlang,and to the private doctor there.But, in the 21st century ,Tazagram and the surrounding villages has no mother and child health care units.The mothers are carried to 12 to 18 kilo meters out in emergency,which is very painful for the patients and their relatives.And very shameful for the leaders etc,who are responsible for to provide the facility.
The sub-post office is established here in 1997.Where the pensioners get their pension .deposit utility bills,renew licences and also all type of letters etc.
Means of transport is not too bad,one can get taxi anytime,except the regular public transport containing datsun pick ups for Dargai,Lundkhwar and Katlang.
The buses are available early in the morning for mardan and peshawar.Once a week a bus goes for Karachi.The public transport is available from early in the morning till sunset.